What is small claims court?
Small claims courts are courts of limited jurisdiction that hear civil cases between private litigants. Small claims court is a special court where disputes are resolved quickly and inexpensively (a forum designed to hear cases without the presence of an attorney). Small claims rules are simple and informal (no legal language requirements are needed). The person that is suing is known as the plaintiff. The person being sued is called the defendant.
Individuals or business entities in United States can use small claims court to recover money damages. In some state, individuals and businesses can recover property (no specific performance is granted). Individuals can sue business entities, other individuals, government agencies, corporations, and organizations. Business entities can sue individual's other businesses, agencies and corporations.